Why was zhu Yuanzhang imprisoned him to death after he made great achievements

2022-04-27 0 By

As the first hero of the Founding of the Ming Dynasty, Xu Da is a household name, was the peerless general at that time, assisting Zhu Yuanzhang to establish the Ming Dynasty, but little known is that before the establishment of the Ming Dynasty, in terms of posts, Xu Da was not the highest, Zhu Wenzheng was the first in the army.After the capture of Nanjing, Zhu Yuanzhang set up the highest military organization is the grand governor of the government, in charge of the entire army, both military control, also have the power to adjust the military control, and the first grand governor is not Xu Da, but Zhu Wenzheng, zhu Yuanzhang’s nephew.In 1361, Zhu Yuanzhang changed the privy Council to the grand governor’s office and appointed Zhu Wenzheng, the same commissioner, to be the grand governor. At that time, Zhu Wenzheng was 26 years old and Xu Da was 30 years old.This makes people wonder why Zhu Yuanzhang appointed Zhu Wenzheng as the grand governor.What is more suspicious is that Zhu Wenzheng won the victory of the Hongdu defense war and made great achievements. Zhu Yuanzhang soon imprisoned Zhu Wenzheng to death. What is the reason for this?In fact, what the history books say is just the appearance, not the real purpose of zhu Yuanzhang to make these decisions.As we all know, Zhu Yuanzhang’s life was very sad, ranking the first among the founding emperors, especially in 1344, when drought, locust plague and plague occurred in Haozhou successively, resulting in the death of Zhu Yuanzhang’s father, eldest brother and mother (zhu Yuanzhang’s third brother died in his early years), leaving only his second brother, sister-in-law, nephew and him.After hastily buried parents elder brother, still alive 4 people are faced with the predicament that does not have grain again, to live, they are forced to separate severally live, it is life is death each an destiny.Later, He became a monk and a beggar. In 1352, he joined Guo Zixing’s Red Turban army and married Queen Ma. After several years of struggle, Zhu yuanzhang pulled up a team of twenty or thirty thousand people and became famous in the local area.At this time, Zhu Yuanzhang’s sister-in-law and nephew, brother-in-law and nephew (Li Wenzhong) heard, they came to him successively.From their mouth, Zhu Yuanzhang learned that his second brother, two sisters have died, his closest person only nephew Zhu Wenzheng, because at this time the crown prince Zhu Biao was not born.There were more than ten members of Zhu Yuanzhang’s family, and only his nephew, Zhu Wenzheng, was left with him. Then you can imagine zhu Yuanzhang’s attitude towards his only relative, Zhu Wenzheng.What’s more, Zhu yuanzhang was born in 1328. He was already in his late 20s and would normally be a grandfather, so he was not sure if he would have a son.Moreover, at that time, the average life expectancy was only more than 30 years old. Zhu Yuanzhang did not dare to say that he would not die on the battlefield or in an accident, but zhu Yuanzhang’s career could not be inherited by no one, nor could it be handed over to outsiders.Without an heir, the team could fall apart, so Zhu had to find a “crown prince.”In addition, even if you have a son, the first is whether you can live healthy, and the second is whether you can inherit his career. If you are too young, it is a disaster in the chaotic times at the end of the Yuan Dynasty.Zhu Wenzheng was born in 1336 and was already in his 20s when he joined Zhu Yuanzhang.Therefore, Zhu Yuanzhang is regarded by Zhu Wenzheng as the successor, when the son is raised, once he has any accident, will be succeeded by Zhu Wenzheng.Therefore, Zhu Yuanzhang constantly promoted Zhu Wenzheng, and even appointed him as the commander, control the military, the status of Xu Da, Chang Yuchun and so on.Soon after Zhu yuanzhang captured Nanjing, the Southern Red Scarf army began a civil war, Zhang Shicheng, Chen Youliang, Zhu Yuanzhang and others began to fight for each other.In 1363, the Northern Red Turniq army split again, Zhang Shicheng attacked Han Liner and Liu Futong, while Zhu Yuanzhang’s main force to rescue Han Liner, Chen Youliang led 600,000 troops to attack only 40,000 people in Hongdu (Nanchang), the two sides broke out a battle to defend Hongdu.The Red Turban army led by Liu Futong, the first shot of the Red Turban uprising against yuan yuan, mainly in the north, once had a million troops, because he stood in front of the Mongyuan attracted a lot of energy and troops, so the southern rebel army was able to continue to grow, and Liu Futong under the mongyuan’s most important force, by 1362 had declined.But Han Liner is the red Turbans nominal co-host, so Zhang Shicheng against Han Liner, also visible zhang Shicheng’s short vision.In the battle of Hongdu, zhu Wenzheng, Deng Yu and Zhao Desheng’s forces were not worth talking about. However, they finally blocked Chen Youliang for 85 days by relying on their strategy and tenacious defense spirit of fighting to the end, which won time for Zhu Yuanzhang’s counterattack.Chen died in battle soon after the battle.According to historical records, after Zhu Yuanzhang returned to Nanjing, he rewarded the meritorious soldiers one by one, but only temporarily did not reward zhu Wenzheng who had the greatest merit. Therefore, he was “angry, then disturbed, and connived at the ministry to plunder other people’s wives and daughters.” Li Yinbing, a sentry, reported the matter, and Zhu Yuanzhang cursed Zhu Wenzheng.More fatal is, after li Yinbing and report Zhu Wenzheng, ready to take to Zhang Shicheng, so Zhu Yuanzhang personally, see Zhu Wenzheng questioned several times: “What are you going to do?”Originally, Zhu Yuanzhang planned to put Zhu Wenzheng to death, but empress Ma persuaded him to put him into prison instead. Two years later, Zhu Wenzheng died.Zhu Yuanzhang originally regarded Zhu Wenzheng as the heir, now why will he be imprisoned to death, is it really because Zhu Wenzheng narrow-minded, can not bear a little injustice and have a different heart?In fact, zhu Yuanzhang and Zhu Wenzheng are responsible for this matter!At that time, Chen Youliang’s demise is imminent, Zhang Shicheng trapped in the southeast, the lack of strategic space, Zhu Yuanzhang forces full of vitality in the future, then why zhu Wenzheng because there is no temporary praise and a few words of blame on the creation of heartbreak?In fact, this is just a symptom, there should be a deeper reason.In 1355, zhu Biao, the first son of Zhu Yuanzhang, was born. By 1361, Zhu Biao had five sons, the oldest of whom was only seven years old.Because the battlefield is unpredictable, Zhu Yuanzhang and all around the enemy, also dare not say that he is not an accident, and his sons are too young, then Zhu Yuanzhang appointed Zhu Wenzheng as the governor, in fact, there is still the idea of Zhu Wenzheng as the successor.But Zhu Biao was getting bigger and bigger, and Zhu Wenzheng’s situation was getting more and more awkward.In 1363, Zhu Biao was already nine years old, and his four other sons were all alive and well. Especially after winning the battle against Hongdu, Chen Youliang was on the brink of extinction, and Zhu Yuanzhang’s plan to unify the country had been established. Therefore, it was impossible for Zhu Wenzheng to inherit the throne.Winning the battle to defend Hongdu, Zhu Wenzheng’s reputation soared to the sky, and himself is the chief commander, controlling the military at home and abroad. Obviously, Zhu Wenzheng at this time will not only threaten Zhu Yuanzhang, but also threaten the succession status of Zhu Biao and others.After Zhu Wenzheng, Zhu Yuanzhang did not appoint the governor, but only appointed the deputy governor, which is also an evidence of zhu Wenzheng’s threat to Zhu Yuanzhang.For Zhu Wenzheng, Zhu Yuanzhang temporarily did not award, and scold, in fact, is a dangerous signal, perhaps he mistakenly think That Zhu Yuanzhang is to kill him, for Zhu Biao and other clear the way, so it will give birth to Zhang Shicheng.But for Zhu Yuanzhang, he might just beat Zhu Wenzheng to resign the post of chief commander and give up the idea of succession. After all, Zhu Yuanzhang was generally good to Zhu Wenzheng. Later, zhu Wenzheng’s son was named King of Jingjiang, which was the most special vassal Kings of the Ming Dynasty, and lasted until the end of the Ming Dynasty.In the final analysis, the source of Zhu Wenzheng’s tragedy lies in Zhu Yuanzhang. If Zhu Yuanzhang had not trained him as a successor and promoted him to the high position of the governor, there would have been no subsequent problems.However, zhu Yuanzhang had no son at first. Later, his son was too young and he was in a crisis. It was impossible not to cultivate a successor, and Zhu Wenzheng was the most suitable one.Therefore, to some extent, the tragedy of Zhu Wenzheng is hard to avoid.